Skip Navigation
This table is used for column layout.

CodeRED Emergency Notification Signup
Contact the County
Search Our Site

How to Get Here
Town Seal
What To Do in Times of Extreme Heat
Listen to local weather forecasts and
stay aware of upcoming temperature

 The heat index is the temperature the
body feels when the effects of heat and
humidity are combined. Exposure to
direct sunlight can increase the heat
index by as much as 15° F.

 Discuss heat safety precautions with
members of your household. Have a
plan for wherever you spend time—
home, work and school—and prepare
for the possibility of power outages.

 Check the contents of your emergency
preparedness kit in case a power outage

 Know those in your neighborhood who
are elderly, young, sick or overweight.
They are more likely to become victims
of excessive heat and may need help.

 If you do not have air conditioning,
choose places you could go to for relief
from the heat during the warmest part
of the day (schools, libraries, theaters,

 Be aware that people living in urban
areas may be at greater risk from the
effects of a prolonged heat wave than
are people living in rural areas.

 Get trained in first aid to learn how to
treat heat-related emergencies.

 Ensure that your animals’ needs for
water and shade are met.

Listen to a NOAA Weather Radio for
critical updates from the National
Weather Service (NWS).
 Never leave children or pets alone in
enclosed vehicles.

 Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of
fluids even if you do not feel thirsty.
Avoid drinks with caffeine or alcohol.

 Eat small meals and eat more often.

 Avoid extreme temperature changes.

 Wear loose-fitting, lightweight, light-
colored clothing. Avoid dark colors
because they absorb the sun’s rays.

 Slow down, stay indoors and avoid
strenuous exercise during the hottest
part of the day.

 Postpone outdoor games and activities.

 Use a buddy system when working in
excessive heat.

 Take frequent breaks if you must work

 Check on family, friends and neighbors
who do not have air conditioning, who
spend much of their time alone or who
are more likely to be affected by the

 Check on your animals frequently to
ensure that they are not suffering from
the heat.

Heat cramps
are muscular pains and
spasms that usually occur in the legs or
abdomen caused by exposure to high heat
and humidity and loss of fluids and
electrolytes. Heat cramps are often an
early sign that the body is having trouble
with the heat.

Heat exhaustion
typically involves the
loss of body fluids through heavy sweating
during strenuous exercise or physical labor
in high heat and humidity.

   Signs of heat exhaustion include cool,moist, pale or flushed skin; heavy
sweating; headache; nausea; dizziness;
weakness; and exhaustion.

  Move the person to a cooler place.
Remove or loosen tight clothing and
apply cool, wet cloths or towels to the
skin. Fan the person. If the person is
conscious, give small amounts of cool
water to drink. Make sure the person
drinks slowly. Watch for changes in

   If the person refuses water, vomits or begins to lose consciousness,
call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.

Heat stroke
(also known as sunstroke) is
a life-threatening condition in which a
person’s temperature control system stops
working and the body is unable to cool

   Signs of heat stroke include hot, red skin
which may be dry or moist; changes in
consciousness; vomiting; and high body

  Heat stroke is life-threatening.
Call 9-1-1
or the local emergency number

  Move the person to a cooler place.
Quickly cool the person’s body by giving care as you would for heat exhaustion.
If needed, continue rapid cooling by
applying ice or cold packs wrapped in a
cloth to the wrists, ankles, groin, neck
and armpits.

The County of Dukes County PO Box 190, Edgartown, MA 02539
Phone: 508.696.3840    Fax: 508.696.3841
   Hours Vary by Department
Virtual Towns & Schools Website